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Madetzke v. Dooley

Supreme Court of South Dakota

May 9, 2018

RICHARD PAUL MADETZKE, Petitioner and Appellant,
v.
ROBERT DOOLEY, WARDEN of the Mike Durfee State Prison, Respondent and Appellee.

          CONSIDERED ON BRIEFS ON MARCH 19, 2018

          APPEAL FROM THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE SECOND JUDICIAL CIRCUIT MINNEHAHA COUNTY, SOUTH DAKOTA THE HONORABLE JOSEPH NEILES Retired Judge.

          MARK KADI LYNDSAY DEMATTEO of Minnehaha County Office of the Public Advocate Sioux Falls, South Dakota Attorneys for petitioner and appellant.

          MARTY J. JACKLEY Attorney General, CRAIG M. EICHSTADT Assistant Attorney General Pierre, South Dakota, Attorneys for respondent and appellee.

          GILBERTSON, CHIEF JUSTICE.

         [¶1.] Paul Madetzke pleaded guilty to second-degree robbery, for which he was sentenced as a habitual offender to imprisonment for 25 years. Madetzke did not appeal his conviction or sentence; instead, he later petitioned for a writ of habeas corpus. The habeas court denied relief, and Madetzke now appeals that decision. He contends that the assistance he received from his trial attorney was ineffective in regard to his decision to plead guilty and in regard to sentencing. We affirm.

         Facts and Procedural History

         [¶2.] Madetzke was arrested on suspicion of robbing a casino in Sioux Falls on September 24, 2011. The State filed a criminal complaint against Madetzke that alleged one count of second-degree robbery in violation of SDCL 22-30-1 and -6, and one count of grand theft of more than $1, 000 in violation of SDCL 22-30A-1 and -17(1). A grand jury indicted Madetzke on the same two charges. The State then filed a habitual-criminal information alleging that Madetzke had been previously convicted of four felonies: one conviction for intentionally damaging property, two convictions for fourth-degree burglary, and one conviction for driving under the influence as a third offense. Although the information did not specifically allege that any of Madetzke's prior convictions were for violent offenses, the information cited SDCL 22-7-8, which applies when "one or more of the prior felony convictions was for a crime of violence[.]" During this time, Madetzke was also facing charges for robbing another casino in Lincoln County.

         [¶3.] On November 17, 2011, the Honorable Peter Lieberman arraigned Madetzke. In hand-written notes on the habitual-criminal information, Judge Lieberman indicated that Madetzke's previous conviction for intentionally damaging property was a violent offense. At the hearing, Judge Lieberman explained that if convicted, Madetzke's offense of second-degree robbery would be sentenced as a Class C felony, which carries a maximum penalty of imprisonment for life and a fine of $50, 000. SDCL 22-6-1(3). Madetzke pleaded not guilty.

         [¶4.] Madetzke and the State subsequently commenced plea bargaining. Madetzke agreed to plead guilty to one count of second-degree robbery, which is a Class 4 felony. SDCL 22-30-7. He also agreed to admit to having been convicted previously of four felonies, but he disputed that any of those felonies were violent offenses. Madetzke's attorney secured the State's promise to amend its habitual-criminal information to seek sentence enhancement under SDCL 22-7-8.1 (for nonviolent habitual criminals) instead of SDCL 22-7-8 (for violent habitual criminals). Thus, the parties agreed that Madetzke's offense would be sentenced as a Class 2 felony (which carries a maximum penalty of imprisonment for 25 years and a fine of $50, 000 under SDCL 22-6-1(5)) instead of as a Class C felony. The State further agreed to drop the grand-theft charge and to recommend imposing a maximum sentence of 20 years. Madetzke's attorney also asked the State to recommend concurrent sentences for the Minnehaha and Lincoln County robbery charges, but the State declined.

         [¶5.] On May 8, 2012, Madetzke appeared before the Honorable Bradley Zell to plead guilty to second-degree robbery. Pursuant to the plea agreement, Judge Zell sentenced Madetzke to imprisonment for 25 years with 5 years suspended. In discussing the possibility of parole with Madetzke, Judge Zell calculated that under SDCL 24-15A-32, Madetzke could be eligible for parole after 8 years. However, Judge Zell's calculation was based on the mistaken belief that second-degree robbery is considered a nonviolent offense for purposes of establishing an initial parole date. Because second-degree robbery is considered a violent offense under SDCL 24-15A-32, Madetzke will not be eligible for parole until he serves 13 years of his 20-year sentence.[1] Neither Madetzke's attorney nor the State brought the error to Judge Zell's attention.

         [¶6.] Madetzke did not file an appeal, nor did he file a motion to modify his sentence within the two-year period permitted by SDCL 23A-31-1. Instead, on April 18, 2014, he filed a petition for writ of habeas corpus asking the circuit court to vacate his sentence. The Honorable Joseph Neiles issued the writ on April 28, 2016. Robert Dooley, Warden of the Mike Durfee State Prison, returned the writ on May 9. On February 21, 2017, following a hearing, Judge Neiles denied Madetzke's request to vacate his sentence. Judge Neiles issued a certificate of probable cause on May 24, and Madetzke filed a notice of appeal with this Court on June 21.

         [¶7.] On appeal, Madetzke raises the following issue: Whether the legal assistance Madetzke received from his trial attorney was so ineffective as to warrant vacating his sentence.

         Standard ...


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