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Gard v. Dooley

United States District Court, D. South Dakota, Southern Division

August 26, 2014

REX GARD, Plaintiff,
v.
BOB DOOLEY, Warden and Director of Prison Operations; SUSAN JACOBS, Associate Warden: MURIEL NAMINGA, Laundry Supervisor; ANDY GATES, Supervisor in the Medical Department; KELLY SWANSON, Supervisor in the Medical Department; JENIFER BENBOOM, Dietician; JOHN TREWIELLAR, Food Service Manager; and BARRY SCHROETER, Food Service Manager Defendants.

ORDER DENYING MOTION FOR PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION, DENYING MOTION TO APPOINT COUNSEL, DENYING REQUEST FOR HEARING, AND GRANTING MOTION TO AMEND COMPLAINT

LAWRENCE L. PIERSOL, District Judge.

Plaintiff, Rex Gard, is an inmate at the Mike Durfee State Prison (MDSP) in Springfield, South Dakota. On February 13, 2014, Gard filed a pro se civil rights lawsuit pursuantto 42 U.S.c. ยง 1983. Docket 1. Now pending before the Court is Gard's motion for a preliminary injunction (Docket 8), motion to appoint counsel (Docket 14), request for hearing (Docket 33), and motion to amend complaint (Docket 34). The Court will address each motion in turn.

I. The Court Denies Gard's Motion for Preliminary Injunction.

"A preliminary injunction is an extraordinary remedy." Roudachevski v. All-American Care Centers, Inc., 648 F.3d 701, 705 (8th Cir. 2011) (citation omitted); see also Hughbanks v. Dooley, 788 F.Supp.2d 988, 992 (D.S.D. 2011) ("[I]n the prison setting, a request for a preliminary injunction must always be viewed with great caution because judicial restraint is especially called for in dealing with the complex and intractable problems of prison administration.' " (quoting Goff v. Harper, 60 F.3d 518, 520 (8th Cir. 1995))). "The burden ofproving that a preliminary injunction should be issued rests entirely with the movant." Goff, 60 F.3d at 520. To determine whether the issuance of a preliminary injunction is appropriate, the court considers the following factors:

(1) the threat of irreparable harm to the movant;
(2) the state of balance between this harm and the injury that granting the injunction will inflict on other parties litigant;
(3) the probability that movant will succeed on the merits; and
(4) the public interest.

Dataphase Sys., Inc. v. C L Sys., Inc., 640 F.2d 109, 114 (8th Cir. 1981). The court asks "whether the balance ofequities so favors the movant that justice requires the court to intervene to preserve the status quo until the merits are determined." Id. at 113.

Although no single factor is determinative, "[f]ailure to show irreparable harm is an independently sufficient ground upon which to deny a preliminary injunction." Watkins Inc. v. Lewis, 346 F.3d 841, 844 (8th Cir. 2003); see also Dataphase, 640 F.2d at 114 n.9 ("[T]he absence ofa finding ofirreparable injury is alone sufficient ground for vacating the preliminary injunction."). To demonstrate irreparable harm, a plaintiff must show that the harm is "certain, great and of such imminence that there is a clear and present need for equitable relief." Packard Elevator v. Interstate Commerce Comm'n, 782 F.2d 112, 115 (8th Cir. 1986). Notably, a "plaintiff must make a showing of actual, substantial harm resulting from the alleged infringement." Travelers Express Co. v. Transaction Tracking Technologies, Inc., 305 F.Supp.2d 1090, 1095 (D. Minn. 2003) (citation omitted).

In his memorandum in support of motion for preliminary injunction, Gard alleges that Defendants are denying him medical care in contravention of medical orders. Docket 9 at 2. More specifically, Gard asserts that Defendants refuse to provide him with a healthy, varied diet tailored to his diabetic restrictions. Docket 10 at 1. Gard also asserts that Defendants have refused to provide him with prescription eye glasses and medically prescribed diabetic socks. Id. at 1-2. In an effort to demonstrate irreparable harm, Gard has asserted that ifhis diabetes goes "unchecked, " he could suffer "organ failure as well as loss of limbs, as well as the possibility of a fractured leg which could cause pain and loss of mobility for the rest of [his] life." Docket 9 at 2. Gard also notes that, without prescription eye glasses, he has to borrow glasses from another inmate in order to read. Docket 10 at 2.

Defendants refute Gard's assertions by representing that Gard is, in fact, provided with a special diet, but that he often refuses to follow the recommended diet. Docket 38 at 4. Furthermore, Defendants assert that Gard also refuses "to follow the recommendations of Health Services to decrease his purchasing ofjunk food from the commissary.' " Id. Defendants also point out that, as conceded in Gard's motion to amend complaint (Docket 34 at 2), Defendants provided Gard with footwear on February 13 or 14, 2014, and diabetic socks on May 26, 2014. Docket 38 at 5-6. Lastly, Defendants represent that prescription glasses were recently ordered for Gard and will be provided to him once they arrive. Id. at 6. Gard has not responded to Defendants' assertions.

In light of Defendants' assertions and Gard's concession, the Court finds that Gard's issues related to the availability of prescription eye glasses and diabetic socks have been adequately resolved so as to eliminate the threat of irreparable harm at this time. As for Gard's issue related to his diet, the Court finds that Gard has failed to establish irreparable harm. Again, irreparable harm is harm that is "certain, great and ofsuch imminence that there is a clear and present need for equitable relief." Packard Elevator, 782 F.2d at 115. The harm discussed in Gard's memorandum in support ofmotion for preliminary injunction is not actual, substantial harm but speculative harm, and "[p]ossible or speCUlative harm is not enough." Northland Ins. Companies v. Blaylock, 115 F.Supp.2d 1108, 1116 (D. Minn. 2000). Moreover, based on the uncontested information provided by Defendants, it appears that ...


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