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Jeremy J. Roubideaux v. Robert Dooley

September 10, 2012


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Jeffrey L. VIKEN United States District Judge


NATURE AND PROCEDURE OF THE CASE Plaintiff Jeremy Roubideaux ("Roubideaux"), an inmate in the South Dakota penal system, commenced this action seeking relief pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. (Docket 1). Mr. Roubideaux alleges defendants violated his constitutional rights when his parole was revoked and he was not given credit for his "street time." Id. Mr. Roubideaux also alleges his rights were violated when defendants failed to supply him with arch supports and charged him for medical care. Id. Mr. Roubideaux further alleges that his rights were violated by Leland Tjeerdsma ("Tjeerdsma"), an officer with the facility where Mr. Roubideaux is housed. Id. Mr. Roubideaux contends that Mr. Tjeerdsma improperly confiscated legal documents which belonged to Mr. Roubideaux and made threatening statements toward Mr. Roubideaux in retaliation for the filing of grievances. Id. Finally, Mr. Roubideaux alleges inmates are charged fees for legal copies and toiletries and that third-parties are overcharged when purchasing care packages for inmates through CBM Food Services. Id.

The matter was referred to Magistrate Judge Veronica L. Duffy, who ordered service upon defendants. (Dockets 9 & 12). Defendants moved for summary judgment. (Docket 56). Defendants contend Mr. Roubideaux is barred from proceeding in forma pauperis under 28 U.S.C. § 1915 as he previously filed three or more actions which were dismissed as frivolous or for failure to state a claim upon which relief could be granted. (Docket 57). Defendants further assert Mr. Roubideaux cannot proceed on his claims as he failed to exhaust available administrative remedies. Id. Defendants finally contend Mr. Roubideaux's claims fail on the merits. Id.

Magistrate Judge Duffy reviewed the record and pertinent law and issued a report and recommendation concluding summary judgment in favor of defendants is appropriate. (Docket 74). First, Magistrate Judge Duffy concluded Mr. Roubideaux is properly proceeding in forma pauperis. Next, the magistrate judge found Mr. Roubideaux had not exhausted the administrative remedies available to him with the exception of his claims regarding his request for arch supports and his claims against Mr. Tjeerdsma which have been fully exhausted. Id. at p. 20. Turning to Mr. Roubideaux's claim regarding his request for arch supports, the magistrate judge found Mr. Roubideaux rescinded his medical services request for the arch supports. Id. at p. 23. The magistrate judge concluded the denial of the requested arch supports did not violate Mr. Roubideaux's constitutional rights under the Eighth Amendment as it did not rise to the level of an objectively serious medical need. Id. The magistrate judge further found Mr. Roubideaux's retaliation claims against Mr. Tjeerdsma did not amount to constitutional violations as the alleged threatening statements occurred prior to the filing of Mr. Roubideaux's grievances. Id. at p. 25. Based upon these findings, the magistrate judge recommended summary judgment be granted in favor of defendants. Id. at p. 26.

The parties were given fourteen days to object to the report and recommendation. Id. Mr. Roubideaux lodged several objections to the magistrate judge's conclusions. (Docket 76). Accordingly, the court will conduct a de novo review as to those objections. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C).


Before addressing the merits of Mr. Roubideaux's objections, the court notes Mr. Roubideaux's assertion that he is unfamiliar with the court system and "should be cut some slack." (Docket 76 at p. 2). "Though pro se complaints are to be construed liberally, they still must allege sufficient facts to support the claims advanced." Stone v. Harry, 364 F.3d 912, 914 (8th Cir. 2004) (citation omitted). The court understands Mr. Roubideaux is not law-trained. However, a review of Mr. Roubideaux's filings reveals he is able to articulate his claims and the relief he seeks. As a result, the court finds oral argument, as requested by Mr. Roubideaux, is unnecessary.

A. Exhaustion

Mr. Roubideaux objects to the recommendation his unexhausted claims be dismissed. (Docket 76). The magistrate judge found the only claims which Mr. Roubideaux exhausted are his claims regarding his request for arch supports and his claim that Mr. Tjeerdsma engaged in retaliatory actions. (Docket 74). The magistrate judge further found administrative remedies were available to Mr. Roubideaux which would have allowed defendants to address his remaining claims. Id. at pp. 19-21. Mr. Roubideaux does not contend he exhausted all of his claims. (Docket 76). Rather, Mr. Roubideaux contends the available grievance process is futile. Id.

Title 42 of the United States Code, section 1997e(a) provides: No action shall be brought with respect to prison conditions under section 1983 of this title, or any other Federal law, by a prisoner confined in any jail, prison, or other correctional facility until such administrative remedies as are available are exhausted.

As a result, a prisoner must exhaust all available remedies prior to commencing an action under § 1983. See Johnson v. Jones, 340 F.3d 624, 627 (8th Cir. 2003). The United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit has "only excused inmates from complying with an institution's grievance procedures when officials have prevented prisoners from utilizing the procedures, or when the officials themselves have failed to comply with the grievance procedures." Gibson v. Weber, 431 F.3d 339, 341 (8th Cir. 2005) (citation omitted).

There are no allegations officials prevented Mr. Roubideaux from applying for relief through the grievance process. Moreover, there are no facts provided which would support the contention that officials themselves failed to comply with the procedures they implemented. The court finds Mr. Roubideaux is not excused from the requirements of exhaustion. Thus, Mr. Roubideaux's unexhausted claims involving the revocation of his parole and his "street time" credit, and charges for medical care, toiletries, copies, and care packages must be dismissed without prejudice. See Johnson, 340 F.3d at 627.

B. Claims Against Mr. Tjeerdsma

Mr. Roubideaux objects to the magistrate judge's recommendation regarding his claim of retaliation. (Docket 76). "To prevail on a retaliation claim, [Mr. Roubideaux] must show 1) he engaged in a protected expression, 2) he suffered an adverse action, and 3) the adverse action was causally related to the protected expression." Nelson v. Shuffman, 603 F.3d 439, 450 (8th Cir. 2010). Mr. Roubideaux contends he was threatened by Mr. Tjeerdsma after filing a grievance regarding his request for arch supports. (Docket 74). The magistrate judge found, however, the filing of Mr. Roubideaux's grievances occurred after Mr. Tjeerdsma's alleged retaliatory threats, a finding which Mr. Roubideaux does not ...

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