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Bruce Edgar Smith v. Dr. Chris Davidson

July 25, 2012


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Karen E. Schreier Chief Judge


Plaintiff, Bruce Edgar Smith, filed a pro se civil rights lawsuit against defendants. Smith is incarcerated at the South Dakota State Penitentiary in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. Smith moves for leave to proceed in forma pauperis.

The Prison Litigation Reform Act (PLRA), 28 U.S.C. § 1915, requires "[a] prisoner seeking to bring a civil action . . ." to make an initial partial filing payment where possible, even if in forma pauperis status is sought. When an inmate seeks in forma pauperis status, the only issue is whether the inmate pays the entire fee at the initiation of the proceedings or over a period of time under an installment plan. Henderson v. Norris, 129 F.3d 481, 483 (8th Cir. 1997) (internal citations omitted). Determination of the partial filing fee is calculated according to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1), which requires a payment of 20 percent of the greater of:

(A) the average monthly deposits to the prisoner's account; or

(B) the average monthly balance in the prisoner's account for the 6-month period immediately preceding the filing of the complaint or notice of appeal.

Smith has indicated the average of the monthly deposits to his account is $24, and the average monthly balance of his account is $71.61. See Docket 4, Prisoner Trust Account Report. Smith must pay a partial filing fee of $14.32, which is 20 percent of $71.61. Thus, Smith is granted in forma pauperis status.

But the inquiry does not end there. The PLRA also requires this court to "screen" Smith's complaint to determine whether it should be dismissed. Section 1915 provides an action must be dismissed if the court determines the claim "(i) is frivolous or malicious; (ii) fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted; or (iii) seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief."


The court must assume as true all facts well pleaded in the complaint. Estate of Rosenberg by Rosenberg v. Crandell, 56 F.3d 35, 37 (8th Cir. 1995). Also, "although liberally construed, a pro se complaint must contain specific facts supporting its conclusions." Allen v. Purkett, 5 F.3d 1151, 1153 (8th Cir. 1993) (citations omitted). A plaintiff's complaint "does not need detailed factual allegations . . . [but] requires more than labels and conclusions, and a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not do." Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007). If it does not contain these bare essentials, dismissal is appropriate. Beavers v. Lockhart, 755 F.2d 657, 663 (8th Cir. 1985). Twombly requires that a complaint's factual allegations must be "enough to raise a right to relief above the speculative level on the assumption that all the allegations in the complaint are true." Id. at 1965; Abdullah v. Minnesota, 261 Fed. App'x 926, 927 (8th Cir. 2008) (citing Twombly and noting complaint must contain either direct or inferential allegations regarding all material elements necessary to sustain recovery under some viable legal theory).


Smith alleges that defendants have been deliberately indifferent to his serious medical needs in violation of the Eighth Amendment. "A prisoner's Eighth Amendment rights are violated if prison officials show 'deliberate indifference' to the prisoner's 'serious medical needs.' " Olson v. Bloomberg, 339 F.3d 730, 735 (8th Cir. 2003) (quoting Estelle v. Gamble, 429 U.S. 97, 106 (1976)). Smith must demonstrate: "(1) that he suffered from objectively serious medical needs and (2) that the prison officials actually knew of but deliberately disregarded those needs." Jolly v. Knudsen, 205 F.3d 1094, 1096 (8th Cir. 2000). "A serious medical need is one that has been diagnosed by a physician as requiring treatment or one that is so obvious even a layperson would easily recognize the necessity for a doctor's attention." Coleman v. Rahija, 114 F.3d 778, 784 (8th Cir. 1997). "Deliberate indifference may be manifested by prison doctors in responding to the prisoner's needs or by prison officials in intentionally denying or delaying access to medical care or intentionally interfering with prescribed treatment." Meloy v. Bachmeier, 302 F.3d 845, 849 (8th Cir. 2002). But medical malpractice alone is not actionable under the Eighth Amendment. "For a claim of deliberate indifference, 'the prisoner must show more than negligence, more even than gross negligence, and mere disagreement with treatment decisions does not rise to the level of a constitutional violation.' " Popoalii v. Corr. Med. Servs., 512 F.3d 488, 499 (8th Cir. 2008) (quoting Estate of Rosenberg v. Crandell, 56 F.3d 35, 37 (8th Cir. 1995)).

Smith asserts that defendants have been deliberately indifferent to his medical needs because "Dr. Davidson decided to fool around with dosaga [sic] and he really wanted to take me off this Seriquil [sic] for it was suppose [sic] to have so menny [sic] sidafects [sic]." Docket 1 at 5. "So he started adjusting the medication over several months. I then started to cycle again but he kept on doing it until I told him that I did not care if it may kill me, for this medication did keep me stable[.]" Id. Dr. Davidson then "left it alone until May 2012, whare [sic] he started doing this again." Id. "He stoped [sic] my Seriquil [sic] XR 300 mg, and changed it to Seriquil [sic] 300 mg., which is a faster delivery type of Seriquil[.]" Id. Smith contends that the new drug would "knock [him] out and make him sleep for two nights and one full day long." Id. at 6. Smith also contends that he finally stopped taking it and then "started cycling like crazy."

Id. Smith continues to reiterate these claims for several pages, noting that he has had bipolar disorder his entire life. Smith contends he is still having side effects from the drug change and cannot go back to work.

Seroquel is used to treat certain mental/mood conditions, including bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. See WebMD, Drugs & Medications, Seroquel Oral, Seroquel㪶.aspx? drugid=4718&drugname=Seroquel㪶 (last visited July 24, 2012). According to Smith's complaint, Dr. Davidson attempted to transition Smith to a different type of drug because of concerns over side effects from Seroquel XR. Although Smith contends that the symptoms of his bipolar disorder worsened after his medication was changed, he has at most alleged a negligence claim. Smith was receiving treatment for his mental health condition at all times. A disagreement with a treatment decision does not rise to the level of deliberate ...

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