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United States of America v. Tonya Elk Boy

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT DISTRICT OF SOUTH DAKOTA SOUTHERN DIVISION


November 22, 2011

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
PLAINTIFF,
v.
TONYA ELK BOY,
DEFENDANT.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Karen E. Schreier Chief Judge

ORDER DENYING MOTION FOR SENTENCE REDUCTION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2)

Tonya Elk Boy moves, pro se, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) for a sentence reduction based on the retroactive application of the amendments to the Sentencing Guidelines because she claims her sentencing range has been reduced and a reduction would be consistent with applicable policy statements. Under section 3582(c)(2), "a district court may reduce a defendant's sentence if it was 'based on a sentencing range that has subsequently been lowered by the Sentencing Commission . . . if such a reduction is consistent with applicable policy statements issued by the Sentencing Commission.'" United States v. Washington, 618 F.3d 869, 872 (8th Cir. 2010) (quoting 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2)).

Elk Boy pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy to distribute a controlled substance, and the substance was cocaine. Docket 155. Elk Boy was sentenced to the mandatory minimum of 120 months because of the amount of cocaine attributed to the conspiracy. Docket 192.

The emergency amendments to the Sentencing Guidelines enacted on November 1, 2010, reduced the offense levels for defendants convicted of crimes dealing with cocaine base or crack cocaine. "However, the emergency amendments did not alter the applicable guidelines range for individuals convicted of cocaine-rather than cocaine base-offenses." Mejia v. United States, No. 07 Cr. 186, 2011 WL 5456904, *1 (S.D.N.Y. Nov. 7, 2011). Because Elk Boy pleaded guilty to and was sentenced for a cocaine offense, not cocaine base, the retroactive application of the November 1, 2010, amendments is not applicable to her sentence. A sentence reduction is not warranted. Accordingly, it is ORDERED that Elk Boy's motion for a sentence reduction pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) (Docket 271) is denied.

BY THE COURT:

Karen E. Schreier

20111122

© 1992-2011 VersusLaw Inc.



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