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Aberle v. Polaris Industries

December 29, 2009

ANDREW J. ABERLE, PLAINTIFF,
v.
POLARIS INDUSTRIES, INC., DEFENDANT.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Karen E. Schreier Chief Judge

ORDER ON OBJECTIONS TO TAXATION OF COSTS

Plaintiff, Andrew J. Aberle, and defendant, Polaris Industries, Inc., both seek review of the clerk's taxation of costs in the amount of $11,490.72.

BACKGROUND

Aberle filed suit seeking damages from Polaris for injuries he sustained when his four-wheeler tipped over and landed on top of him. The jury found in favor of Polaris and the court then entered a judgment in favor of Polaris.

In Polaris's Bill of Costs, Polaris requested reimbursement for fees of service of subpoenas $63, fees for transcripts $4,957.90, fees for witnesses $6,499.82, fees for copies $1,388.84, and additional fees of $1,095.07. The total cost request was $14,004.63. The clerk denied $30 of the witness fees, all the copy fees, and Polaris withdrew its request for additional fees. The total amount awarded by the clerk was $11,490.72.

Polaris seeks review of the clerk's denial of a portion of the copy fees, namely $455. Aberle seeks review of the costs imposed for the transcripts, copy costs, and witness fees.

DISCUSSION

Rule 54 provides that "costs-other than attorney's fees - should be allowed to the prevailing party." Fed. R. Civ. P. 54(d)(1). Within its discretion, a district court might deny costs because of the financial disparity between the parties or might modify the amount requested for other reasons. Poe v. John Deere Co., 695 F.2d 1103, 1108-09 (8th Cir. 1982). In addition to the financial disparities between the parties, the good faith of the losing party is a factor the court considers to ensure an equitable taxation of costs decision. In re Paoli Railroad Yard PCB Litigation, 221 F.3d 449, 463 (3d Cir. 2000).

The district court reviews the clerk's taxation of costs de novo. Id. at 461. The court gives no deference to the clerk's decision and the court's inquiry is not limited to the record. Id. at 463. The court's role is to insure that cost awards are equitable. Id. at 462. "When an expense is taxable as a cost, . . . there is a strong presumption that a prevailing party shall recover it in full measure." Concord Boat Corp. v. Brunswick Corp., 309 F.3d 494, 498 (8th Cir. 2002).

1. Photocopying Costs

Polaris seeks an award in the amount of $455 for copies of exhibits that were admitted into evidence. Aberle does not dispute this amount. See Plaintiff's Objections and Exceptions to Taxation of Costs, Docket 271, p. 3. Aberle does object, however, to the clerk's taxation of $1,388.84 for exhibits. A close review of the clerk's taxation of costs, however, shows that the clerk did not impose any amount for photocopying costs.

"Copy and exemplification fees may be awarded if the fees were incurred for items 'necessarily obtained' for use in the case." Marmo v. Tyson Fresh Meats, Inc., 457 F.3d 748, 762 (8th Cir. 2006). The $455 was for copies of exhibits that were admitted into evidence. Thus, they were necessarily obtained for use in the case and Polaris is entitled to an award in the amount of $455 for these costs.

2. Deposition Transcript Costs

Aberle objects to the imposition of costs in the amount of $4,957.90 for deposition transcripts. Deposition costs are taxable costs as long as the depositions were obtained for use in a case and not purely investigative, even if the were not introduced at trial. Zotos v. Lindbergh School District, 121 F.3d 356, 363 (8th Cir. 1997). The underlying ...


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